a. Identify and describes the roles and responsibilities of an individual in society.
b. Analyze the individual development theories of Cooley and Mead.
c. Identify and compare the stages of socialization; include childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and death/dying.
d. Evaluate the agents of socialization including family, peers, education, media, and religion.
e. Analyze gender, race/ethnicity, and socio-economic status as contributing factors to individual socialization.
The term looking glass self was created by American sociologist Charles Horton Cooley in 1902, and introduced into his work Human Nature and the Social Order. It is described as our reflection of how we think we appear to others. To further explain would be how oneself imagines how others view him/her. An example would be one's mother would view their child as flawless, while another person would think differently. Cooley takes into account three steps when using "the looking glass self".
George Herbert Mead was a social philosopher who discussed the connection between the self, the mind, and society. He believed that society has an effect on the self and mind, and the self and the mind have an effect on society. Mead is considered to be the father of symbolic interaction.
Mead believed that the "self" is an entity that helps individuals grow and develop to be socially productive citizens.
According to Mead, the "self" only exists in humans and not animals because it has to be developed through social activity and social relationships; the "self" cannot cultivate without social interaction. It also doesn't exist in infants because babies don't participate in social activities and don't have social relationships. Mead also said that if a person's "self" has already been developed, they will continue to have it even if they end all social contact.
Story short, the "self" is a social process.
Mead's concepts of self, mind, and society may seem like it overlaps, and it absolutely does because he sees all of these proponents as interconnecting. Society affects the mind, which affects the self, which turns around and affects society. Do you agree with Mead?
Part A: My Favorite Toy
Part B: Packaging Gender Swap
Redesign the packaging of your favorite toy to market it to the opposite sex. You should do this without changing the toy in any way, however you may alter the name, colors, fonts and packaging styles.
You need to design the front and the back of the package.
1. Describe why it is important to understand age and aging.
2. Distinguish biological aging, psychological aging, and social aging.
The study of aging is so important and popular that it has its own name, gerontology. The scholars who study aging are called gerontologists. The people they study go by several names, most commonly “older people,” “elders,” and “the elderly.” The latter term is usually reserved for those 65 or older, while “older people” and “elders” (as the headline of the opening news story illustrates) often include people in their 50s as well as those 60 or older.
Gerontologists say that age and aging have at least four dimensions. The dimension most of us think of is chronological age, the number of years since we were born, defined as the number of years since someone was born.
A second dimension is biological aging. The physical changes that “slow us down” as we get into our middle and older years. For example, our arteries might clog up, or problems with our lungs might make it more difficult for us to breathe.
A third dimension, psychological aging. The psychological changes including those involving mental functioning and personality, that occur as we age.
Gerontologists emphasize that chronological age is not always the same thing as biological or psychological age. Some people who are 65, for example, can look and act much younger than some who are 50.
40-year-old Liza (Foster), a suddenly single mother who tries to get back into the working world, only to find out it's nearly impossible to start at the bottom at her age. When a chance encounter with a 20-something guy at a bar convinces her she looks younger than she is, Liza tries to pass herself off as 26 -- with the help of a makeover, courtesy of her best friend Maggie (Mazar). Armed with new confidence, she lands a job as an assistant to the temperamental Diana (Shor) and teams up with her new co-worker and fellow 20-something Kelsey (Duff) to make it in the career of her dreams.
TV Land's Newest original "Younger," stars Tony(R) Award winner Sutton Foster ("Bunheads") Hilary Duff ("Lizzie McGuire"), Debi Mazar ("Entourage") and Miriam Shor ("GCB").
The theory states that, over time, elderly people withdraw, or disengage from, the social roles and relationships that were central to their life in adulthood.
To enable younger people to assume important roles, a society must encourage its older people to disengage from their previous roles and to take on roles more appropriate to their physical and mental decline.
As a functionalist theory, this framework casts the process of disengagement as necessary and beneficial to society, as it allows the social system to remain stable and ordered.
Older people benefit themselves and their society if they continue to be active. Their positive perceptions of the aging process are crucial for their ability to remain active.
This theory is considered an interactionist explanation of the aging process.
The continuity theory of normal aging states that older adults will usually maintain the same activities, behaviors, personalities, and relationships as they did in their earlier years of life.
According to this theory, older adults try to maintain this continuity of lifestyle by adapting strategies that are connected to their past experiences.
Analyze kid's books as an agent of socialization. Explain how we are influenced by picture books during our development.
Identify as many examples as you can of gender socialization, social class socialization, educational socialization, race/ethnicity socialization and any other socialization you see in a children’s book.
1. Review the Agents of Socialization Rubric
2.This assignment involves our pre-school children. You will be reading letting them choose a children’s book so that you can read it to them.
3. Ask the little learner what is going on in the book. If they cannot read, how do they know what is happening?
4. Take a photo(s) of yourself reading the book to your little learner as proof of completion.
5. You may take any photos of the book that helps you explain your findings. The little ones often like to have a picture made too. We can do that, but not publish them.
An idealistic teacher (Hilary Swank) in a Los Angeles high school believes that she can make a difference in the lives of her disadvantaged, racially divided inner city students. But she has to struggle against the school administration, that refuses to support her efforts, and must overcome the violence that touches the children every day. The cast includes Patrick Dempsey, Imelda Staunton, Scott Glenn and April Lee Hernandez. Directed by Richard LaGravenese.
Most countries legislate against gender discrimination, yet around the world young women still lack the same opportunities to men.
So what is standing in the way of equality becoming a reality?
As part of the Freedom season, BBC News went to meet four teenage girls in the UK, Lesotho, Iceland and Jordan.
They all spoke about what they thought stood in the way of women being equal to men.
Video Journalist: Christian Parkinson Producer: Gemma Newby
A documentary by Ros Atkins exploring the issues of girls and freedom, All That Stands In The Way, was broadcast on BBC World and BBC World Service radio on 22 and 23 March 2014
When a crusading chairperson of the military budget committee pressures the would be Navy secretary to begin full gender integration of the service, he offers the chance for a test case for a female trainee in the US Navy's elite SEAL/C.R.T. selection program. LT. Jordan O'Neill is given the assignment, but no one expects her to succeed in an inhumanly punishing regime that has a standard 60% dropout rate for men. However, O'Neill is determined to prove everyone wrong. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0119173/
In this clip from G.I. Jane (1997) Demi Moore's character shaves her head which presents a more masculine image in an attempt to alter her feminine characteristics.
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